Earth Observation for Food Security
Urgent action is needed to tackle the challenges associated with feeding a rapidly increasing global population. The ‘perfect storm’ of rising population, increasing prosperity, climate change and resource scarcity poses an unprecedented challenge for sustainable production of food with the right level of nutrition and minimal environmental impact. The study re-examined the use of satellite data in the agricultural context. While some applications have become routine, for example for farm subsidy claim checking as part of the Common Agricultural Policy, the market for most applications has yet to mature fully, particularly in the private sector and for use by NGOs with global markets. The study identified high potential for global crop yield monitoring and forecasting systems and situation awareness for pest/disease control, coupled with advanced information technologies to integrate different data sources.